GR. BRITAIN (2016)- Humanitarians (set of 6v)

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The Stamps in Detail

 

Sir Nicholas Winton MBE (1909–2015)  – saved the lives of 669 Kindertransport children on the eve of the Second World War.   Born Nicholas George Wertheim, Winton was a British humanitarian who organized the rescue of 669 children, most of them Jewish, from Czechoslovakia on the eve of the Second World War in an operation later known as the Czech Kindertransport (German for "children transportation"). Winton found homes for the children and arranged for their safe passage to Britain. The world found out about his work over 40 years later, in 1988. The British press dubbed him the "British Schindler". On 28 October 2014, he was awarded the highest honour of the Czech Republic, the Order of the White Lion (1st class), by Czech President Miloš Zeman.

Sue Ryder (1924–2000) – founded homes in the UK and Europe for people in need.   Margaret Susan Ryder, was a British volunteer with Special Operations Executive in the Second World War, who afterwards led many charitable organisations.    In 1953 she established the Sue Ryder Foundation.  A home at Cavendish, Suffolk, was established by her as a home for concentration camp survivors and later to provide nursing care for the elderly and disabled.  The charity operates more than 80 homes worldwide, has about 500 high street charity shops and more than 8,000 volunteers. There is a Sue Ryder charity shop as far as the Ascension Islands.

John Boyd Orr (1880–1971) – advocated improved nutrition and global food provision and made a significant contribution to food security.  
He was a Scottish teacher, doctor, biologist and politician who received the Nobel Peace Prize for his scientific research into nutrition and his work as the first Director-General of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).

Eglantyne Jebb (1876–1928) – campaigned for the rights and welfare of children, and founded the organisation that became the Save the Children Fund.  
As World War I was coming to an end, and the German and Austro-Hungarian economies came near to collapse, it was clear to that the children of these countries were suffering appallingly from the effects of the war and the Allied blockade, which continued even when an armistice was signed. A pressure group, the Fight the Famine Council, was set up in 1919 to persuade the British government to end the blockade.
 
Joseph Rowntree (1836–1925) – businessman who championed social reform and workers’ welfare.  
Outside his business activities Rowntree is perhaps best known for being a champion of social reform. Even as a powerful businessman, he was deeply interested in improving the quality of life of his employees; his employees. He provided them with a library, free education, a works magazine, a social welfare officer, a doctor, a dentist and a pension fund.

Josephine Butler (1828–1906) – campaigned for women’s rights and social reform. 

She was intensely religious as an evangelical Anglican. Along with other charity efforts, she led the long campaign for the repeal of the Contagious Diseases Acts both in Britain and internationally from 1869 to 1886 because the acts harmed and unfairly imprisoned young women who were suspected of being prostitutes.

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